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Drugi svetski rat - Egipat info kairo hurgada egipat aleksandrija piramide suecki kanal keopsova piramida krstarenje nilom asuan sarm el seik
Drugi svetski rat

Drugi svetski rat

Bitka kod El al-Mena
Bitka kod El al-Mena

Za vreme Drugog svetskog rata Egipat je saveznicima ustupio veoma značajne baze na Sredozemnom moru. Britanske snage odbile su 1940. godine italijanski, a 1942. italijansko-nemački napad. Na tom prostoru vođena je poznata tenkovska bitka kod El al-Mena, u kojoj je pobedu nad nemačkim komadantom Romelom izvojevao britanski vojskovođa Montgomeri: ona je značila uvod u nemačku kapitulaciju na tlu Afrike.

Septembra 1944. u Kairu su postavljene osnove buduće Arapske lige, u kojoj je Egipat ima istaknuto mesto.

Drugi svetski rat
Drugi svetski rat

I nakon Drugog svetskog rata, na temelju sporazuma iz 1936. nastavljeno je prisustvo britanskih snaga u Suecu, u Kairu i Aleksandriji. One su imale pravo naszora egipatske vojske, što je rezultiralo naglašenim nezadovoljstvom naroda. Egipatska vlada je 1951. poništila ugovor iz 1936., na šta su Britanci reagovali sa upućivanjem novih trupa, čija je brojka narasla na 85.000 vojnika. Rasla je i egipatska vojska – na 70.000, tenzije su bile sve veće, što je dovelo do oružanih incidenata: napada egipatskih komandosa na britanski garnizon, a Britanci su zajedno sa Francuzima zauzeli garnizon Ismailija i Suecki kanal. Egipatska vlada je prekinula diplomatske odnose sa Londonom i uputila žalbu Savetu bezbednosti OUN, koju su podržale SSSR i SAD.

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